IHP news 503: SR/Mat/neonatal & child health

By on January 4, 2019

Guardian – Falling total fertility rate should be welcomed, population expert says

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/dec/26/falling-total-fertility-rate-should-be-welcomed-population-expert-says

News from just after Christmas (26 Dec): “Declining fertility rates around the world should be cause for celebration, not alarm, a leading expert has said, warning that the focus on boosting populations was outdated and potentially bad for women.”

Recent figures revealed that, globally, women now have on average 2.4 children in their lifetime a measure known as total fertility rate (TFR). But while in some countries that figure is far higher – in Niger it is more than seven – in almost half of countries, including the UK, Russia and Japan, it has fallen to below two. Such declines have been met with alarm, with some warning that the “baby bust” puts countries at risk of a depopulation disaster. But Sarah Harper, former director of the Royal Institution and an expert on population change, working at the University of Oxford, said that far from igniting alarm and panic falling total fertility rates were to be embraced, and countries should not worry if their population is not growing. Harper pointed out that artificial intelligence, migration, and a healthier old age, meant countries no longer needed booming populations to hold their own. “This idea that you need lots and lots of people to defend your country and to grow your country economically, that is really old thinking,” she said. Having fewer children is also undoubtedly positive from an environmental point of view…”

Acta Pediatrica (special issue) – Addressing Implementation Challenges for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health

Guest Editors: Anayda Portela and Shamim Ahmad Qazi.    https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/toc/16512227/2018/107/S471

This supplement was coordinated by the World Health Organization Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health with funding from the Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research, through support received from the Norwegian Government Agency for Development Cooperation, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency and the UK Department for International Development.”

Do start with the Editorial – Implementation research for maternal, newborn and child health

The Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research (AHPSR) partnered with the World Health Organization (WHO) Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (MCA) to prepare a supplement to Acta Paediatrica to present results from selected implementation research studies that tested and documented the delivery of proven maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) interventions in different countries and contexts. This editorial provides background information on how these studies were selected by WHO and an overview of the different studies in the context of the thinking on implementation research at the time they were developed….”

O’Neill Institute (blog) – Taxes, development and human rights: reflections from Colombia

I Barbosa; http://oneill.law.georgetown.edu/taxes-development-and-human-rights-reflections-from-colombia/

Last November, Colombia eliminated the tax on products for menstrual hygiene management. The Constitutional Court decided that taxing pads and tampons constituted a form of indirect discrimination against women and was therefore unconstitutional….”

And a quick link:

Devex – “Kenya has lifted its ban on Marie Stopes carrying out abortions in the country after a review found the charity had not actively encouraged women and girls to terminate their pregnancies. …”

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