IHP news 526: infectious diseases & NTDs

By on June 14, 2019

Stat News -The last pandemic was a ‘quiet killer.’ Ten years after swine flu, no one can predict the next one

H Branswell; Stat;

On the journey since, “On June 11, 2009 — 10 years ago today — the World Health Organization declared that the swine flu virus we now simply call H1N1 had indeed triggered a pandemic, the first time in four decades a new flu virus had emerged and was triggering wide-scale illness around the globe….”

Excerpts:

“…Among the key lessons learned from 2009 was it was not enough to tell countries a pandemic had started. They also needed real-time guidance on how severe it seemed to be. … … It was also clear that a WHO-established program designed to guarantee low-income countries access to some pandemic vaccine needed more work.  Now the global health agency requires vaccine manufacturers to commit to donate a portion of their pandemic vaccine production in real time in exchange for getting access to the flu viruses the manufacturers use to make seasonal flu vaccine. The WHO recently reported it had signed 13 such agreements with manufacturers, commitments that would give it access to an estimated 400 millions doses of pandemic vaccine that it would distribute to countries in need in the next pandemic….”

Health Affairs (blog) – Seasonal Influenza Vaccination: A Tool To Advance Epidemic And Pandemic Preparedness In Low- and Middle-Income Countries

J Bresee & M P KienyHealth Affairs;

The authors discuss “how seasonal influenza vaccination may be used as a tool to advance epidemic and pandemic preparedness, as well as describe investments in pandemic vaccine preparedness and challenges low- and middle-income countries face in implementing influenza vaccination programs….”

Rotary – Rotary announces US$100 million to eradicate polio

Rotary;

Rotary is giving US$100 million in grants to support the global effort to end polio, a vaccine-preventable disease that once paralyzed hundreds of thousands of children each year.

The funding comes as Rotary and its partners in the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) address the final—and most pressing—challenges to ending poliovirus transmission, and as Nigeria approaches three years without any reported cases of wild poliovirus, bringing the Africa region closer to polio-free status….

Guardian – At least 31 children in India killed by toxin in lychees

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jun/13/at-least-31-children-in-india-killed-by-toxin-in-lychees?CMP=share_btn_tw

At least 31 children have died in northern India in the past 10 days from a brain disease believed to be linked to a toxic substance found in lychee fruit, health officials have said. The deaths were reported by two hospitals in Muzaffarpur in Bihar state, famed for it lush lychee orchards, officials said. The children all showed symptoms of acute encephalitis syndrome (AES), senior health official Ashok Kumar Singh said, adding most had suffered a sudden loss of glucose in their blood….”

AMR

TWN – WHO: Countries Raise Concerns about Access to Affordable Drug-Resistant TB Treatment

https://www.twn.my/title2/intellectual_property/info.service/2019/ip190601.htm

Short report from the latest World Health Assembly: “Member states participating in the 72nd World Health Assembly (WHA) renewed their commitment to end tuberculosis (TB) while expressing serious concerns about drug-resistant TB (DR-TB), the treatment of which is presently costly and beyond the reach of many national TB programmes….”

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