IHP news 525: Miscellaneous

By on June 7, 2019

F2P blog – #PowerShifts Resources: Wellbeing and Development

F Faciolince; https://oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/powershifts-resources-wellbeing-and-development/

Nice blog on the politics of wellbeing, with as starting point New-Zealand’s wellbeing budget & WHO’s recognisation of burn-out in ICD-11 (or rather re-definition) .  “…how do we incorporate wellbeing into our conversations, but ensure its radical potential as an idea is not diluted? How can we account for and value plurality in the politics of wellbeing? …”

Complement with (on Global Policy)  New Zealand has Unveiled its First ‘Well-Being’ Budget

The government’s plan to move away from traditional methods of measuring growth and development are in keeping with a global push for a more purposeful capitalism….”

The piece also contains a paragraph on the UAE:The UAE has a Minister of State for Happiness and a National Programme for Happiness and Positivity. Its agenda is based on three pillars: inclusion of happiness in the policies, programmes and services of all government bodies and at work, promotion of positivity and happiness as a lifestyle, and development of benchmarks and tools to measure happiness.”

ODI – Risk-informed development: from crisis to resilience

S Opitz-Stapleton et al ; https://www.odi.org/publications/11314-risk-informed-development-crisis-resilience

Over the past decade, important progress has been made on poverty reduction, disease control and access to healthcare, education and services. However, these gains are fragile, and are undermined by new and emerging threats… …  These threats are interconnected, they cross national borders and they are occurring simultaneously.  Growing awareness of these challenges is leading to calls by governments, the international development community and donors for an approach to development that takes account of these complex risks: that is risk-informed. Risk-informed development is a risk-based decision process that enables development to become more sustainable and resilient. It pushes development decision-makers to understand and acknowledge that all development choices involve the creation of uncertain risks, as well as opportunities.  This report highlights the need for: a move away from single hazard risk analysis to an explicit acknowledgement of the interactions between multiple threats, including economic and financial instability, geopolitical volatility, natural hazards and climate change; systematic assessments of complex threats and risks, opportunities, uncertainties, risk tolerances, perceptions and options to ensure that development is sustainable and  resilient; identifying who has responsibility to act upon risk management, with what resources, by when and how those actions are to be monitored; analysis of the potential trade-offs of development policies and investment actions, including social and environmental impacts, feasibility and cultural and ethical outcomes; the provision to policy-makers of a robust evidence base around the role that unsustainable development plays in creating risk; understanding and acknowledging that all development and investment choices involve trade-offs.”

Guardian – Bernie Sanders’ plan to empower workers could revolutionise Britain’s economy

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/jun/03/bernie-sanders-workers-economy-employees-inequality-corporate-power

Giving employees a stake in firms would reshape power: this could be the start of a transatlantic challenge to neoliberalism.”   Will be an essential part of a fairer global economic system indeed.

Brookings institute – Is inequality really on the rise?

A Revanga et al; https://www.brookings.edu/blog/future-development/2019/05/28/is-inequality-really-on-the-rise/

Based on a recent book, authored by the first author.  Nuanced blog, and thus well worth a read.

Nature (News) – Gene edits to ‘CRISPR babies’ might have shortened their life expectancy

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-01739-w

Study of almost half a million people links mutation that protects against HIV infection to an earlier death.”

Stat – China is leapfrogging the U.S. in using AI in medicine. These five companies are leading the way

Stat plus;

In the race to deploy artificial intelligence in medicine, China has surged ahead of the U.S. and other countries, spawning technology companies that are using algorithms and novel software tools to help treat millions of patients and relieve pressure on the country’s overwhelmed hospital system….” (gated)

“….With the Chinese government also backing the work, AI — with a special health care focus — is poised to become a $150 billion industry there in the next 10 years….”

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