IHP news 522: Planetary health

By on May 17, 2019

Nature (Comment) – Put equity first in climate adaptation

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-01497-9

Focusing on the bottom few per cent, not averages, is the best way to tackle poverty, argue Mark Pelling and Matthias Garschagen.”

Science – Why some climate scientists are saying no to flying

Science;

Particularly for this sentence, on flying by early career researchers vs more established ones: “…Cobb agrees. Early-career researchers “should have unfettered … access to flying to build their careers just as I did,” she says. It’s the senior, more established scientists—such as herself—who should curtail air travel, she says. That could make the biggest dent in the problem, too: A study published online last month calculated that, at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, full professors are responsible for three times as many flight-related emissions as grad students and postdocs.”

Guardian – UN agency meets to tackle pollution and emissions by ships

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/may/14/un-agency-meets-to-tackle-pollution-and-emissions-by-ships

International Maritime Organization aims to halve global emissions by 2050.”

Guardian – Nearly all countries agree to stem flow of plastic waste into poor nations

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/may/10/nearly-all-the-worlds-countries-sign-plastic-waste-deal-except-us

Almost all the world’s countries have agreed on a deal aimed at restricting shipments of hard-to-recycle plastic waste to poorer countries, the United Nations announced on Friday. Exporting countries – including the US – now will have to obtain consent from countries receiving contaminated, mixed or unrecyclable plastic waste. Currently, the US and other countries can send lower-quality plastic waste to private entities in developing countries without getting approval from their governments….”

International Journal of Epidemiology – Early-life exposure to ambient fine particulate air pollution and infant mortality: pooled evidence from 43 low- and middle-income countries

N Goyal et al; https://academic.oup.com/ije/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/ije/dyz090/5487745

Cfr a tweet by the first author: “In a new article, Mahesh Karra, @davidcanning6, and I examine the link between ambient air pollution and infant mortality in 43 low- and middle-income countries. »

Global Policy – Towards a Global Biodiversity Action Agenda

P Pattberg et al; https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1758-5899.12669

Non‐state and sub‐national actors (e.g. cities, regions and companies) are increasingly taking action to address biodiversity loss. They set up standards and commitments, provide funding, create and disseminate information, and execute projects on the ground. As part of the post‐2020 Global Biodiversity Framework, parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) decided to implement the ‘Sharm El‐Sheikh to Beijing Action Agenda for Nature and People’. While there is general support for a voluntary commitment process, the question now is how the Action agenda should look like, what form voluntary commitments for biodiversity should take and if and how the action agenda could become a meaningful pillar in the post‐2020 global biodiversity framework. A recent study by the authors reveals the actual depth and breadth of biodiversity governance beyond the CBD. This contribution argues that lessons learned from the ongoing climate change action agenda should urgently be taken into account when further developing the biodiversity action agenda.”

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