IHP news 470: Global governance of health

By on May 18, 2018

Al Jazeera – It’s time for the head of UNAIDS to resign

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/time-head-unaids-resign-180514084855932.html

Analysis by a former UNAIDS employee, who says it’s time for Sidibé to resign (in spite of the deep respect she feels for him).

For another take, see Richard Horton (in this week’s Offline).

Devex – Oxfam CEO to step down following scandal

https://www.devex.com/news/oxfam-ceo-to-step-down-following-scandal-92767

Collateral damage. “The chief executive officer of Oxfam Great Britain, Mark Goldring, will step down at the end of 2018, the charity has announced, after three months of intense public criticism following revelations of sexual misconduct among Oxfam staff in Haiti after the 2010 earthquake. Although Goldring did not work for Oxfam when the incidents took place, he said that from 2019, the charity should “be led by someone bringing fresh vision and energy and making a long-term commitment to see it through.”…”

Devex – DFID has ‘considerable distance to go’ on disability inclusion, says watchdog

https://www.devex.com/news/dfid-has-considerable-distance-to-go-on-disability-inclusion-says-watchdog-92768

The United Kingdom’s Department for International Development has a “considerable distance to go” if it is to make good on its pledge to center disability in its work, a U.K. aid watchdog has warned. DFID has made disability and inclusion a key focus for U.K. aid, with Secretary of State Penny Mordaunt — a former disabilities minister — saying in her maiden speech in November that, “as a department, we will put disability at the heart of everything that we do.”   The U.K. is also set to host the first Global Disability Summit in London in July, co-hosted with the government of Kenya and the International Disability Alliance, to raise awareness and funds for disability-inclusive development.  However, the Independent Commission for Aid Impact, the body that scrutinizes DFID spending, said the department is not doing enough to ensure its own programming is disability inclusive, and that its approach to mainstreaming disability is “too modest” to deliver “transformational results,” in a review released Wednesday….”

Globalization & Health – Securitizing HIV/AIDS: a game changer in state-societal relations in China?

C Yuk-Ping Lo; https://globalizationandhealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12992-018-0364-7

China has experienced unprecedented economic growth since the 1980s. Despite this impressive economic development, this growth exists side by side with HIV/AIDS and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) crises and the persisting deficiencies in public health provision in China. Acknowledging the prevailing health problems, the Chinese government has encouraged the development of health non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to respond to the health challenges and address the gaps in public health provision of the government. HIV/AIDS-focused NGOs have been perceived as the most outstanding civil society group developed in China. Considering the low priority of health policies since the economic reform, the limitation of the “third sector” activity permitted in authoritarian China, together with the political sensitivity of the HIV/AIDS problem in the country, this article aims to explain the proliferation of HIV/AIDS-focused NGOs in China with the usage of the securitization framework in the field of international relations (IR).”

Oxfam (blog) – How to decode a UN Report on Global Finance (and find an important disagreement with the World Bank on private v public)

Duncan Green; http://oxfamblogs.org/fp2p/how-to-decode-a-un-report-on-global-finance-and-find-an-important-disagreement-on-private-v-public/

A giant coalition of UN-affiliated aid organizations recently published Financing for Development:  Progress and Prospects 2018. … … . But on this occasion I got the assistance of a helpful elf from deep inside the UN system to decode a significant disagreement within the ‘Inter-Agency Task Force’. You may not be surprised to hear that it’s basically the World Bank/IMF v the rest of the UN. Oh, go on then….”

As somebody pointed out on Twitter: very interesting stuff via a WB-“insider”.

IP-Watch – EU-Mercosur FTA Seen As Best Chance To Advance Access To Health In Trade Deals

http://www.ip-watch.org/2018/05/16/eu-mercosur-fta-seen-best-chance-advance-access-health-trade-deals/

AIDS activists, health activists and civil society organizations in Brazil and Argentina are pushing back against the negative effects of the planned free trade agreement between the Mercosur countries and the European Union. The EU-Mercosur negotiations might be the best chance as of now to advance an intellectual property agenda that is more favourable to access to health, says Pedro Villardi, coordinator on IP policy issues at the Associacao Brasiliera Interdisciplinar de Aids Observatorio National de Politicas de Aids…”

Treaty on Transnational corporations and their supply chains with regards to human rights  (treaty text proposal)

https://www.stopcorporateimpunity.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Treaty_draft-EN1.pdf

As of October 2017.

In 2018 the Global Campaign will continue to develop strategies and efforts in order to build a UN Binding Treaty on Human Rights and Transnational Corporations that contributes to stop impunity. From 15th to 19th October we will convene to a Week of Peoples Mobilisation in Geneva. …”

NYT – Aid Agency Chief Reports ‘Tremendous Sense of Optimism’ in North Korea

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/15/world/asia/north-korea-world-food-program.html

David Beasley (UN World Food Programme) visited North-Korea recently. Malnutrition remains a problem in the country, but there’s no sign of extreme food shortages (as in the 90s).

UNU-Wider (Project) – The political economy of social protection systems

https://www.wider.unu.edu/project/political-economy-social-protection-systems

Financing social protection remains a key constraint in developing countries. This project focuses on two alternative public finance approaches, and the related political economy factors, that can facilitate the financing of social protection systems:  taxation of consumption and natural resources; income and payroll taxation. This is a component of a larger research project  ‘The economics and politics of taxation and social protection’ that sheds light on the system-wide impacts of social protection and tax systems in developing countries.”

Check out this new database SAPI – Social Assistance, Politics, and Institutions database.

“…UNU-WIDER has initiated the development of a new database, ‘Social Assistance, Politics and Institutions’ (SAPI), which will provide a synthesis of longitudinal and harmonised comparable information on: i) social assistance programmes in developing countries, ii) country-level information on economic and social performance, and iii) political institutions.”

Devex – Opinion: Time to let a woman lead the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office

M Manzoor, R Dhatt et al; https://www.devex.com/news/opinion-time-to-let-a-woman-lead-the-who-eastern-mediterranean-regional-office-92758

Op-Ed by Women in Global Health. “… Four out of six WHO regional directors are women — yet all five of the Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office’s regional directors since its establishment in 1949 have been men. After nearly 70 years of male leadership in EMRO, it is time to ask: Why elect another man as regional director of EMRO, when appointing a female regional director would show that this region of WHO is shifting its mindset?…

ODI (Briefing paper) – The taxation of foreign aid: don’t ask, don’t tell, don’t know

I Steel et al; https://www.odi.org/publications/11122-taxation-foreign-aid-don-t-ask-don-t-tell-don-t-know

Foreign aid is often exempt from taxation in recipient countries. Research on the topic is sparse, debate infrequent, and the system has become entrenched over 70 years. A renewed focus on taxation for development has re-opened the debate on Official Development Assistance (ODA) tax exemptions. The Addis Tax Initiative (ATI) goals on capacity building and policy coherence are potentially inconsistent with ODA tax exemptions. Two ATI members – the Netherlands and Norway – have unilaterally decided to refrain from requesting some ODA tax exemptions. The Platform for Collaboration on Tax (PCT) – a joint effort of the IMF, OECD, UN and World Bank – has committed to review current practice and issue guidance and recommendations (see PCT, 2018). This follows a similar effort around 10 years ago by the UN Committee on Experts on International Tax Cooperation in Tax Matters to review and issue guidelines (see Thuronyi (2005); Thuronyi (2006); and International Tax Dialogue (2007). This briefing note is intended to contribute to the discussion on the rationale for ODA tax exemptions by setting out the arguments for and against them.”

African parliamentarians consider historic resolution on advancing the right to health

http://www.unaids.org/en/resources/presscentre/featurestories/2018/may/african-parliamentarians

Parliamentarians from across Africa are considering a historic resolution to promote the right to health and achieve targets on HIV, tuberculosis, malaria and other health emergencies, such as cervical cancer and hepatitis….”

“…“A Pan African Parliament resolution will help to achieve health targets in Africa. Parliamentarians, as champions in their communities, can help achieve these targets,” said Mr Sidibé. The final decision of the parliament will be confirmed after the sixth ordinary session of the fourth parliament concludes on 18 May. The resolution will be the first of its kind for the Pan African Parliament since it commenced in 2004….”

IISD – SDG Knowledge Weekly: Update on the EU Budget and Multi-Annual Financial Framework

http://sdg.iisd.org/commentary/policy-briefs/sdg-knowledge-weekly-update-on-the-eu-budget-and-multi-annual-financial-framework/

The Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations released a  Brief proposing that the SDGs be used as a template for the EU’s next Multi-Annual Financial Framework.”

Should be fun with the likes of Orban & all other lovers of “Fortress Europe” (i.e. pretty much all our leaders).

Book – Human Capital in Gender and Development

S Calkin; https://www.routledge.com/Human-Capital-in-Gender-and-Development/Calkin/p/book/9781138697348

Looks like a vastly interesting book.  “Human Capital in Gender and Development addresses timely feminist debates about the relationship between feminism, neoliberalism, and international development. The book engages with human capital theory, a labour economics theory associated with the Chicago School that now animates a wide range of political and economic governance. The book argues that human capital theory has been instrumental in constructing an economistic vision of gender equality as a tool for economic growth, and girls and women of the global South as the quintessential entrepreneurs of the post-global financial crisis era.”

BMJ Opinion – global health’s dirty little secret

Kent Buse & Sarah Hawkes; BMJ;

No, this is not about UNAIDS & #MeToo : )

Kent Buse & Sarah Hawkes argue here that “all global health organisations need to understand how gender dynamics impact on the health outcomes of both women and men—as well as on their staffing”.

Speaking of Kent Buse, he also tweeted this, in reply to a tweet from dr Tedros, on the use of Twitter:

I agree @DrTedros@Twitter great for 3Ps – people; products; pulse – that is connect to more people, discover new content, get a sense of how communities are reacting to and demanding action on issues.”

O’Neill institute – Mainstreaming human rights across the WHO

http://www.oneillinstituteblog.org/mainstreaming-human-rights-across-the-world-health-organization/

This article was written by Rebekah Thomas, Technical Officer for Human Rights in the Gender, Equity and Human Rights Team at the World Health Organization, and Veronica Magar, Team Leader for Gender, Equity and Human Rights at the World Health Organization.”

Recommended.

Over the course of two chapters in the groundbreaking new edited volume, Human Rights in Global Health: Rights-Based Governance for a Globalizing World, we argue that the World Health Organization (WHO) has in recent years begun to operationalize human rights in health through the translation of fundamental human rights principles — participation, equality, non-discrimination, and accountability — and key components of the international standard on the right to health. Looking ahead, we lay out three shifts that will be needed to make these changes sustainable and identify some early positive trends that could pave the way for a new era for health and human rights at WHO….”

IHP – Towards enlarged global health thinking

Linda Mans (Wemos) http://www.internationalhealthpolicies.org/towards-enlarged-global-health-thinking/

Linda Mans comes back on the launch of the Global Health Watch 5, a while ago in Brussels, which featured a keynote by David McCoy.

“… In my view, the present moment asks for a movement for health and social justice that goes beyond health. The People’s Health Movement is certainly a good start, but, as McCoy suggests, broader coalitions & alliances need to be sought. … … For us as civil society organizations working for global health this means that we will need to join forces with organizations concerned with migration, environment, and economic justice, among others. Naomi Klein et al.’s  ‘The Leap Manifesto’ can serve as inspiration.”

WHO Bulletin – Update on the Global Charter for the Public’s Health

B Borish et al; http://www.who.int/bulletin/online_first/BLT.17.198820.pdf?ua=1

“… The Global Charter for the Public’s Health is a joint effort of the World Federation of Public Health Associations, the World Health Organization (WHO) and multiple stakeholders to provide a comprehensive, clear and flexible framework to adapt public health to its global context….”

“… The implementation of the charter’s functions with a flexible approach could contribute to achieving the SDGs, with a potential impact in reducing inequities. However, the health sector will need leadership, commitment and ownership at all levels to successfully implement the charter….”

Scientific American – A new push for a universal flu vaccine

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/a-new-push-for-a-universal-flu-vaccine/

“…So far, there is not one clear front-runner vaccine but there are multiple candidates. Earlier this month the National Institutes of Health announced one experimental vaccine, M-001, is headed into phase II clinical trials…”

New KFF fact sheets on US government & WHO/GF

The US Government and WHO

The US and the Global Fund

Impatient Optimists – Grand Challenges: Fueling Innovation in Global Health and Development

S Buchsbaum; https://www.impatientoptimists.org/Posts/2018/01/Grand-Challenges-Fueling-Innovation-in-Global-Health-and-Development#.Wvr_AqSFMdW

Assessment of the journey of ‘Grand Challenges’ so far, nearly fifteen years after their launch.

Huffington Post – Why the world needs pop-up vaccine factories

H Makatsoris; Huffington Post;

Article related to the global threat from pandemics. “… the core problem remains: how to manufacture vaccines quickly enough, and on a large enough scale, to save more people’s lives. A new £10 million UK-funded project, the Future Vaccine Manufacturing Hub, is finding a new model. This will include a faster process for finding and testing vaccines alongside localised ‘pop-up’ factories that can get large supplies of vaccines to people within weeks of the threat having been identified. In particular, this will help countries in the developing world most exposed to viral threats and larger death tolls. The Hub is being led by Imperial College London, working with four other UK universities (Bristol, Cambridge, Cranfield and Nottingham), three research (the NHS Clinical Biotechnology Centre, the Centre for Process Innovation and the National Institute for Biological Standards and Control) and local partners close to the issues in India, Uganda, China, Bangladesh and Vietnam….”

“…Ultimately, the work of the Hub is about independence – enabling more countries, and particularly those in the developing world, to access a cost-effective way of meeting their needs for vaccines as they arise rather than being dependent on systems of global business…”

 

A tweet related to the G20:

Happening now: at the 2nd meeting of the G20 Health Working Group, #G20 nations are sharing best practices and lessons learnt. @WHO is working with @OECD and @WorldBank to support #Argentina and the #G20 to bring #SharedProsperity to all. #G20Argentina

A linkSeattle approves tax on businesses like Amazon and Starbucks to fight homelessness

Controversial in its technicalities, but clearly they’re on to something. Linking the winners of globalization & the ‘disruptive economy’ to the (many) losers.  Let’s scale up at all levels (IMF, WB, … whaddoyousay?)

And a tweet related to ‘Nursing Now’:

.”@JimC_HRH outlines @DrTedros’s 5 commitments to nursing: 1. Give his personal support ✔️ 2. Appoint CNO ✔️ (@elizabeth_iro) 3. Speak at #NursingNow launch ✔️  http://www.nursingnow.org/launch ) 4. Write to all ministries of health✔️ 5. WHO to celebrate Florence Nightingale in 2020

And:

Independent #global #monitoring board for #global #healthsecurity being launched by @WHO and @WorldBank tells Peter Graaf #outbreakpreparedness #globalhealth”

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